Create Goal-Focused Positive Classrooms
Dr Kathie F Nunley, 2016
new school year - new ideas, new goals, renewed optimism. Help maintain
this positive energy by setting in place an environment that nurtures
student self-efficacy, which in turn leads to success and happiness.
refers to your own personal sense of control over your world. Are
you really captain of your own ship, rather than simply a passenger
carried along by the winds that blow? Increased self-efficacy creates
a sense of well-being and confidence in one's own personal resources.
Self-efficacy is a wonderful asset in life, especially helpful in
times when problems seem huge and personal resources seem small.
Teachers can promote an increase in student self-efficacy through
classroom structure, by promoting four core components.
positive emotions. Broaden and build positive emotions in the classroom.
Encourage demonstrate and vocalize curiosity, joy, gratitude, optimism,
affection, pride and love. These emotions broaden us to be more
open to learning and problem solving.
students identify personal strengths. Continually remind students
of their individual strengths and encourage them to build on them.
Offer assignments and projects which take advantage of a wide variety
of individual strengths.
students establish "approach" goals rather than "avoidance"
goals. Classroom rules, procedures, self-reflection should all focus
on what students need to do to be successful rather than what they
should not be doing. Teacher assessment should focus on suggestions
hope. Encourage, push, never give up. Success rarely occurs without
Dr Kathie Nunley is an educational psychologist, researcher and
author of several books on parenting and teaching, including A Student's
Brain (Brains.org) and the best selling, "Differentiating the High
School Classroom" (Corwin Press). She is the developer of the Layered
Curriculum® method of instruction and has worked with parents and
educators around the world to better structure schools to make brain-friendly
environments. In addition, her work has been used by the Boeing
Corporation, Family Circle Magazine, the Washington Post, and ABC
her: Kathie (at) brains.org