Mark Sailer
Science Teacher
Pioneer Jr-Sr High

# Physics I    Name : ____________________________

## Forces and Newton’s Laws Unit – Chapters 4, 5, 6

Last day to work in class on this unit – September 23

# Chapter 4  - Newton’s First Law

1. Describe Aristotle's concepts of natural motion and violent motion.
2. Describe Copernicus' idea about the earth’s motion.
3. Describe Galileo's contribution to the science of motion.
4. State Newton’s first law of motion.
5. Distinguish among mass, volume, and weight, and their units of measurement.
6. Explain how something that is not connected to the ground is able to keep up with the moving earth.
7. Explain why a clothesline or wire that can easily support an object when strung vertically may break when strung horizontally and supporting the same object.
8. Describe how the angle between vectors affects their resultant vector.

## Chapter 5  - Newton’s Second Law

1. State the relation between acceleration and net force.
2. State the relation between acceleration and mass.
3. State and explain Newton’s second law of motion.
4. Describe the effect of friction on a stationary and on a moving object.
5. Distinguish between force and pressure.
6. Explain why the acceleration of an object in free fall does not depend upon the mass of the object.
7. Describe the effect of air resistance on a falling object.

### Chapter 6  - Newton’s Third Law

1. Define Force as part of an interaction.
2. State Newton’s third law of motion.
3. Given an action force, identify the reaction force.
4. Explain why the accelerations caused by an action force and by a reaction force do not have to be equal.
5. Explain why an action force is not cancelled by the reaction force.
6. Describe the horse-cart problem.
7. Explain why you cannot touch without being touched.

State Standards and Benchmarks Addressed by this unit.

 P.1.7 Use Newton's Laws (e.g., F = ma) together with the kinematic equations to predict the motion of an object. P.1.2 Measure or determine the physical quantities including mass, charge, pressure, volume, temperature, and density of an object or unknown sample. P.2.1 Explain that Isaac Newton created a unified view of force and motion in which motion everywhere in the universe can be explained by the same few rules. Note that his mathematical analysis of gravitational force and motion showed that planetary orbits had to be the very ellipses that Johannes Kepler had proposed two generations earlier. P.2.2 Describe how Newton's system was based on the concepts of mass, force, and acceleration, his three laws of motion relating to them, and a physical law stating that the force of gravity between any two objects in the universe depends only upon their masses and the distance between them.

# Class Plan

Tuesday September 6, 2005 – 1st Law notes

Wednesday September 7, 2005 – 1st Law notes

Thursday September 8, 2005 – 1st Law of Motion Work

Friday September 9, 2005 – 2nd Law notes

Monday September 12, 2005 – 2nd Law notes

Tuesday September 13, 2005  – 1st Law of Motion Work

Wednesday September 14, 2005  – 1st Law of Motion Work

Thursday September 15, 2005 – 3rd Law notes

Friday September 16, 2005 – 3rd Law notes

ISTEP WEEK – Be prepared for adjusted Schedules

Monday-Wednesday;  September 19, 20, & 21, 2005  – Work on B Layer Assignment

Thursday & Friday; September 22 & 23, 2005 – Work on A Layer Assignment

Last Day to Work in class –Friday 23

Points Earned

C Layer Points  ________ B Layer Points __________ A Layer Points _________

TOTAL ________________

Grades  90-105 D  106-120  C  121-135 B  136+ A

C Layer Assignments – (115 Points Maximum)

1.  Vocabulary Flash Cards – Terms p. 56, 71 and 83   (10 points)     _____

2.  Reading Notes  2.  Chapter 4  (5 points)       _____

3.  Chapter 5  (5 points)       _____

4.  Chapter 6  (5 points)       _____

Class Notes (2 days each chapter) or Video Notes 1 video each chapter

5.  Chapter 4 - Class notes (5 points) _____   (5 points) _____     or Video (10 points) _____

6.  Chapter 5  Class notes (5 points) _____   (5 points) _____     or Video (10 points)  _____

7.  Chapter 6  Class notes (5 points) _____   (5 points) _____     or Video (10 points)  _____

8.  Lab 8 – Going Nuts & Lab 9 – Buckle Up  (5 points)      _____

9.  Lab 11 – Getting Pushy (5 points)        _____

10.  Lab 12/13 – Mass, Force and Acceleration (10 points)      _____

11.  Lab 16 Balloon Rockets (5 points)        _____

12.  Lab 17 Tension  (10 points)         _____

13.  Lab 18 Tug of war (10 Points)         _____

14.  Concept Page 4-1  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

15.  Concept Page 4-2  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

16.  Concept Page 4-3  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

17.  Concept Page 5-1  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

18. Concept Page 5-2  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

19.  Concept Page 5-3  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

20.  Concept Page 5-4  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

21.  Concept Page 6-1  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

22.  Chapter Review p. 56-58   #9, 21, 25, 27, 28, 29, 33, 34, 36, 39  (5 points) Oral Defense  _____

23.  Chapter Review p. 71-73  #21, 26, 27, 29, 32, 35, 38, 39, 43, 44  (5 points) Oral Defense       _____

24.  Chapter Review p. 83-85  #21, 25, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36  (5 points) Oral Defense     _____

25.  Practice Problems p. 665-666 Chapter 4 # 1, 2, 3, 8, 10  (5 points) Oral Defense   _____

26.  Practice Problems p. 666-667 Chapter 5 #5, 7, 10, 17, 18  (5 points) Oral Defense   _____

27.  Practice Problems p. 667-668 Chapter 6 #1, 2, 3, 4, 5  (5 points) Oral Defense   _____

28.  Poster or display showing Newton’s Laws (20 Points) Oral Defense    _____

29.  Research the modern seat belt and how it works.

Create a poster or display showing what you learned. (20 points)  _____

B Layer Assignments (Choose One – 15 Points)

1.  Create a display showing examples of the following types of forces:  Friction, Normal, Spring, Tension, Thrust, and Weight.  Show Free Body Diagrams of each and label the force.

2.  Can you Lose Weight in an elevator? - Experiment

3.  How does friction affect the motion of an object? – Experiment

4.  Create your own question to investigate.  Get approval before starting.

A Layer Assignments (Choose One – 20 points)

1.  Research how the work of scientists Antoine Lavoisier, Isaac Newton, and Albert Einstein related to the study of mass.  To what extent are their ideas compatible or contradictory?  Present your findings or use an A Layer Assignment form.

2.  In recent years, many Olympic athletes, such as sprinters, swimmers, skiers, and speed skaters, have used modified equipment to reduce the effects of friction and air or water drag.  Research a piece of equipment used by one of these types of athletes and the way it has changed over the years.  Explain how physics has impacted these changes.  – Use an A Layer Assignment form.

3.  Older roller coasters rely on  chain systems to pull the coaster up the first hill, newer ones depend on hydraulic systems to do the same job.  Research each of these two systems.  What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of using each system? Which one should be used?  Why?  – Use an A Layer Assignment form.

4.  Research Newton’s contributions to physics and write a one-page summary.  Do you think his three laws of motion were his greatest accomplishments?  Explain why or why not.  Use an A Layer Assignment form.