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Properties of Matter

Mrs. Gibson

Physical Science

Nute High School

Name__________________________________

# Unit 2: Properties of Matter

Due Date: 2/17/06

## Properties of Matter

Objectives: At the end of this unit you will be able to:

1. Describe the four states of matter.
2. Use the kinetic theory of matter to explain the characteristics of solids, liquids, and gases.
3. Explain the thermal expansion of matter.
4. Interpret state changes in terms of kinetic theory of matter.
5. Account for the energy of the heats of fusion and vaporization in state changes.
6. Explain how a gas exerts pressure on its container.
7. State and explain how the pressure of a container of gas is affected when the volume is changed.
8. Explain the relationship between the temperature and volume of a gas.
9. State Archimede’s principle and predict whether an object will sink or float in water.
10. State Pascal’s principle and describe the operation of a machine that uses Pascal’s principle.
11. State Bernoulli’s principle and describe a way that Bernoulli’s principle is applied.

Required Assignments. (This means you MUST do them.)

_____ 1. Lab: The boiling curve of water – with and without sugar.

_____ 2. Lab: Solid to liquid – the melting point of chocolate.

_____ 3. Lab: Air takes up space.

_____ 4. Lab: More than Just Hot Air.

_____ 5. Lab: Does sand have the same weight wet and dry?

_____ 6. Lab: Soda Pop science

_____ 7. Density lab

_____ 8. Properties of liquids lab

Required notes for this section.  (Again … this means you MUST do them.)

_____ 1. States of matter

_____ 2. The boiling curve of water

_____ 3. Gases

_____ 4. Density

_____ 5. Fluids

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS: Complete one "layer" before going on to another layer. Each assignment has a point value based on the amount of time and effort necessary to complete that task. You must earn the required number of points in any one layer before moving to the next layer.

______ “C Level”. (Here is where you get to choose what you want to do.)

(TP) 20 points are necessary for a C

(CP & H) 30 points are necessary for a C

_____ 5. Complete the Chapter Review questions 1 – 25 on page 241 of your book.  Be able to answer questions. – 10 points

_____ 6. Complete the worksheet entitled, “Watersheds and Water Quality.”  Be able to answer questions. – 5 pts.

_____ 7. Complete the worksheet entitled, “Is Your Water Safe?”  Be able to answer questions. – 5 pts.

_____ 8. Complete the worksheet entitled, “Hydraulics.”  Be able to answer questions. – 5pts

_____ 9. Complete the worksheet entitled, “Behavior of Gases.”  Be able to answer questions. –5pt

_____ 10. Complete the lab workup entitled, “The Nature of Water.”  Be able to answer questions. – 5pts.

_____ 11. Complete the worksheet entitled, “Changes in State.”  Be able to answer questions. –5pts.

_____ 12. Write a song, putting new words to an old tune, about the states of matter - 10 pts

_____ 13. Go to the following site:

Go through the activity and be able to answer questions. (5 points)

_____ 14. Make a poster that shows the arrangement of molecules in a solid vs. a liquid vs. a gas.  Also write the key words for between the phases. (5 points)

_____ 15. Go to the following site:

Read through the site – the map is on the upper right hand side, just keep clicking through the topics.  Only go to BE condensate.  Then write down your answers to the quiz at the end. (5 points)

____________  “B” Level: Choose ONE only.

_______ 1. Complete the lab entitled, “Properties of Liquids.”  Be able to answer questions.

_______ 2. Create a mechanism to purify dirty water using the principles discussed in this chapter.  Try it!

_______ 3. Complete the lab entitled, “How Dense are You?”  Be able to answer questions.

_______ 4. Complete the lab entitled, “Keep it the Same.”  Be able to answer question.

____________ “A” Level: Choose ONE only.

_______ 1. Research the effects of pressure changes on the human body and write a report.  Include in your report any precautions that must be taken in dealing with pressure changes in space and when deep sea diving.

_______ 2. Research crystal growing and the conditions needed to grow a perfect crystal.  Grow crystals of several different materials and display them.

### Vocabulary for Unit 1

hypothesis

theory

scientific method

technology

experiment

independent variable

dependent variable

safety symbol

data

control

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