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Unit of Study: Probability and Statistics

by Natalie Valenzeula

Fairfax, VA

Virginia Standards of Learning
3.21    The student, given grid paper, will a) collect and organize data on a given topic of his/her choice, using observations, measurements, surveys, or experiments; and b) construct a line plot, a picture graph, or a bar graph to represent the results. Each graph will include an appropriate title and key.
3.22    The student will read and interpret data represented in line plots, bar graphs, and picture graphs and write a sentence analyzing the data.
3.23    The student will investigate and describe the concept of probability as chance and list possible results of a given situation.

C Level: Choose 3

1.    VIDEO: Watch video and explain 3-4 ideas learned from the video and answer 1-2 questions regarding it.
2.    WORKSHEET: Complete graph worksheet.
3.    GRAPH: Create a 3-D graph (using bears, pencils, etc.)
4.    GAME: Play graph bingo with classmates and/or teachers.
5.    QUIZ: Study a graph and answer the following 5 questions (oral or written).
a.    Most?
b.    Least?
c.    How many ______ are there?
d.    How many ______ are there?
e.    Does <a> or <b> have more _____?
6.    CENTER 1: List all possible outcomes of a given situation (Student is told that they will have to put their hand in a bag and choose one item (donuts, goodie bag, etc.). Record list by writing or drawing. Discuss which item is the most likely to be chosen (the item that is greatest in quantity).
7.*    CENTER 2: Based on the season, list all possible weather for the following day. Make a prediction and choose what clothes should be worn (Provide clothes).
8.    GAME: Match identical graphs.
9.    GAME: Match possible outcomes with their corresponding situations.

B Level: Choose 1

1.    HUNT: Go on a hunt for fall leaves (within a defined area). Collect and count different color leaves. Record findings in a picture or bar graph.
2.*    VOTE: Take a classroom vote (ex. Would you rather have recess inside or outside?). Collect and count votes. Record findings in a picture or bar graph. With teacher support, act according to vote.
3.    CENTER: List all possible outcomes of a given situation (ex. Student is told that they will have to put their hand in a bag and choose one item (donuts, goodie bag, etc.). Then they are shown the items). Record list of all possible choices by writing or drawing. Discuss and identify which item is the most likely to be chosen (the item that is greatest in quantity).

A Level: Choose 1
1.*    POSTER: Create a bar or picture graph, in the form of a poster, to track own (or class) progress (in the next unit, on an educational computer game, accelerated reader, etc.).
2.*    ORAL PRESENTATION: Pose a question. Then, gather data around school and create a bar or picture graph depicting results (ex. Do boys or girls use the bathroom more during lunch?). Present findings to the class.
3.*    ROLE PLAY/PUPPET SHOW: Problem solve with teacher by listing possible outcomes for a current classroom or home situation. Write or draw possible outcomes. Decide and circle which the best choice is. With teacher support, act on that choice. Create a role play or puppet show to demonstrate the situation, possible outcomes, and the final, chosen outcome.
*Meets the Functional Academics criterion –Combines academic skills in the areas of reading, writing, number sense, and critical thinking with real-life tasks, enabling a student to function independently.