Human Body

Layered Curriculum Unit

Jayne Perkins

Knowlton School, Berwick, Maine


Partially Meets Layer: You must complete 50 points worth of activities to move on to the Meets Layer. Be sure to label all parts of your projects.


Complete worksheet page TR-243 (5 points) ___/___


Draw a picture of the liver, in a well written paragraph explain its function in the human body, include the structure and any unusual facts about the liver. (5 points) ___/___


Explain the difference between chemical and mechanical breakdown of food. Include how and why the size of your food affects the speed at which chemical breakdown occurs.(5 points) ___/___


Explain how a bone’s structure allows it to be strong yet relatively lightweight. (5 points) ___/___


Choose one type of joint (hinge, pivot, ball and socket, gliding, partially movable, immovable)and list where it is found in the human body. Describe how the structure of that joint relates to its function, now draw the joint. (10 points) ___/___


Explain why it is important to get enough calcium in your diet. Draw several sources of calcium. (5 points) ___/___


Muscles can only contract and relax. How is it possible for you to move in so many different ways. Draw a picture of how a muscle works, include a written explanation. (5 points) ___/___


What effect does asthma have on lungs? Write an explanation, include drawings. (5 points) ___/___


Find a current event from a newspaper that relates to body systems. Highlight 5 important sentences. Summarize the article in one paragraph. (5 points) ___/___


Find 2 newspaper articles from the 1950's or 60's explaining the new vaccines. Copy and paste them on paper. Highlight important features. Summarize the articles. (10 points) ___/___


Create a keynote about one of the body systems, include pictures and explanations. Be detailed and label all parts. Be ready to explain how the body system works. (10 points) ___/____


What is a disease that can affect the nervous system?  Give information about the disease, it’s causes, and any treatments, include drawings or pictures. (5 points) ___/___


Choose an allergy and give information about how and why it affects the body and the systems it affects, include how it is treated. (5 points) ___/___


Make a cause and effect chart that shows 8 stressful things and what effect it can

have on you and your body systems. Next, make a list of the names of songs or music that has a calming effect. Finally, make a list of things which can be done to address or alleviate  stress. (5 points) ___/____


On the website :   play 1 game and progress through 3 levels or play 3 games and progress through 1 level, show the results to your teacher. (5 pts) ___/___


Draw a picture which shows the route of a blood cell originating in the brain and ending up in the left foot. Please include the names of all major blood vessels along the trip. (10 pts) ___/___


Describe THREE diseases of the circulatory vessels. Include the cause, symptoms, structure(s) affected, and treatment. (10pts) _____/___


Compare & differentiate between the artery and vein. Please write at least 6 sentences in a language other than ENGLISH (include the English version, too).(5pts) ___/___


What effect do you think public awareness campaigns, such as short television spots, have on people’s behavior? Support your answer with evidence from your personal experience. Utilize Youtube to watch public awareness clips. (5 pts) ___/___


Complete the Heart Surgery Timeline worksheet p. B-173


What does it mean to say you have high cholesterol? Explain the effects of high cholesterol on the body and what can be done to treat it. (5 pts) ___/___


What is high blood pressure? Explain the effects of high blood pressure on the body and what can be done to treat it. (5 pts) ___/___


Make a collage that represents the parts and functions of three body systems. (5 pts) ___/___


Using complete sentences answer the following questions:

Why might someone who has a heart defect such as weak heart valves or a small hole in the heart wall become breathless after climbing a long flight of stairs? (2 pts) ___/___

Why does the doctor place the stethoscope on several different areas of your chest to listen to your heart beat?(2 pts) ___/___

Why is knowledge of heart valves and the sounds they make important to doctors?(2 pts) ___/___

Why should people with many risk factors for heart disease first check with a doctor before beginning an exercise program? (2 pts) ___/___

What kinds of health problems can be caused by blockages in coronary arteries?(2 pts) ___/___


Create your own Heart Risk Quiz. Include at least 15 questions.(5 pts) ___/___


Meets Layer:  Choose one assignment worth up to 20 points.


Draw a detailed and labeled picture of each of the following systems: digestive, excretory, cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory. ___/___


Interview someone who has had cancer or lived with someone with cancer. Find out how the virus progresses, treatments and how the disease affected the person and family. Write a one page research paper. Be sure to have your interview questions pre-approved by the teacher first. ___/___


Create an add campaign for one of the body systems. Assume you are selling it to aliens who wish to visit earth. What good will it do them? Why do they need it? Why is it the best system to have? Presentation ideas: poster, video tape, musical jingle. (Got milk? Yo quiero Taco Bell. Do the Dew.) ___/___


Explain what a vaccine is, how it is used, the approved schedule of vaccinations for children and why is Utah last in the nation for vaccinating children? ___/___


Choose an organ that can be transplanted, research the first transplant of that organ, create a slide show documenting the history of transplantation. Interview a transplant recipient, be sure to pre-view your questions with the teacher first. ___ /___


Make a PowerPoint presentation that explains and illustrates the parts and functions of the respiratory system.  (Be creative!  Add some videos or something exciting here…do more than just present the facts.)  Make sure to include: nose, lungs, diaphragm, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles. ___/___



Create a game that teaches the organs (muscles of the back, spinal cord, kidneys, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, windpipe, lungs, heart, bladder, ribs), the system it belongs to and its function. ___/___


Exceeds Layer: Choose one assignment worth up to 30 points.


Build a 3-D model of one of the following systems: digestive, excretory, cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory. ___/___


Create a clay body model of the human body showing a system and how it works. ___/___


One of your friends says that 80% of all students grow at least 4 inches between the beginning of the 7th grade and the beginning of the 8th grade. Complete worksheet TR-244 to design an investigation to find out if your friend is right. Include your friend’s hypothesis, your prediction, your procedure and a data table for recording results. ___/___


Are medications good or bad for the human body, especially the digestive track?  Find out which medications have been developed specifically for a particular part of the digestive track and how they help or hinder that body part.  Would you like to be a researcher who creates new medicines?  What would be the pros and cons of being a research scientist? ___/___  


A mysterious disease has struck 15 horses at a farm with 100 horses. Doctors at the animal hospital test the blood of five of the sick horses and find that four of them show a type of bacteria never seen before. Based on this information, suggest a reasonable hypothesis for the cause of the disease. Now suggest on experiment you could do to provide evidence for or against your hypothesis. ___/___


Rita began taking a ten day treatment of antibiotics three days ago. The antibiotics worked quickly and Rita feels completely better after only three days. Antibiotics upset Rita’s stomach so she wants to stop taking them. Should Rita stop taking the antibiotics or finish the treatment? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of stopping and of continuing the antibiotics. Be sure to include your final recommendation, any trade offs involved and your reasons for your decision. Include how antibiotics work. ___/___


Design and conduct an investigation to determine how the body gets more oxygen during exercise. Include a hypothesis, your prediction, your procedure and a data table for recording results. ___/___


Germ warfare is the use of harmful microorganisms as weapons in war. Why is germ warfare so dangerous? What do you think should be done to prevent its use? ___/___


Eighty five years from now, your granddaughter (a biochemist) is on a space probe that landed on a distant planet outside our solar system and discovers that the planet has many small animals with three chambered hearts. She wonders what type of advantage or disadvantage these hearts have. Do you think these hearts would be an advantage or disadvantage to these animals?. Your report should be at least three pages, illustrated and use at least 3 sources. ___/___