Sid Ready

Pender Public Schools

Pender Nebraska 

Name _________________

Biology: DNA and Genes

(Due date for this chapter is March 9!)


1. Analyze the structure of DNA

2. Describe how the structure of DNA enables it to reproduce itself accurately

3. Describe genes and the sequence of nucleotides occur in DNA

4. Describe the sequence of events in protein synthesis

5. Categorize the various types of mutations that occur and their affects on cells 


Layer C.  Basic Knowledge must be completed before beginning the (B) layer.  Also you must pass the section quizzes over layer C with at least an 80 %.

Accumulate 100 points before moving on to layer B. (Please note that the point total will include your actual score on quizzes and that the layer offers a total of 80 points.


Complete 1 or 2

_________ 1, (20 points) complete the chapter worksheets and grade them. Assessment based upon oral questions from the instructor. OR

_________2, (20 points) complete the section notes and show them to your instructor.

AND Complete 3 or 4

_________ 3. For each section of the chapter, work as a table group to read the section. The table group then must present the teacher five discussion questions from the reading complete with answers and be able to answer the questions. (20 points for each section)

_________ 4. Complete the section discussion questions at the end of the period. These will be due the day the section is discussed in class. (20 points) 

AND Select up to the needed points from the following choices: (each of these are 20 points) 

________ 6. Use the chapter vocabulary words to complete one of the following assignments and be prepared to define each word orally. Complete the word diagrams, make flash cards, or make a matching game using the terms and definitions. 

________ 7.  Research the contributions of each of the following scientists and tell how each played a role in discovering the structure of DNA. The scientists are; Hershey and Chase, Erwin Chargraff, Oswald Avery, Rosalind Franklin, James Watson and Francis Crick. 

________ 8. Make a construction paper model of DNA that shows the three components of the molecule, the correct base pairs, and a sequence of genes.

_______ 9. Design a 5 color poster of how genes result in proteins, showing in detail each step. Include information on how this process results in traits you inherit. 

______ 10. Formulate and deliver a lecture to your parents, then instructor on the structure of DNA and how the processes of transcription and translation are used in making proteins. 

______ 11. Design a board game on the process of making proteins and how these proteins result in the traits that organisms inherit. 

______12. Write a summary of what you have learned from each section. Be prepared to defend orally the information you present. 

_____13. Design a demonstration and give it to five classmates that show how the making of proteins results in genetic variation for populations of organisms. Show how proteins and mutations in DNA determine the inheritance of traits and results in differences between organisms within the same species. 

_____14. Design an oral presentation using posters, PowerPoint, and demonstrations showing how genetic changes can benefit living organisms. Give your presentation to your parents have them tell you what they have learned. Report their learning to your instructor. 

_____15. Participate in the DNA extraction lab prepared by your instructor. (You may be asked to provide a piece of fruit, or extract you own DNA.) 


Layer B. Application of learned information includes the choice of the following activities. You must complete 25 points to move to the A layer.

Complete your choice of three of the following steps. Everyone must complete the chapter exam. 

  1. Go to the website  and click on animations. Select and view each of the following in order.
    1. Protein Synthesis
    2. Transcription
    3. Translation
    4. Gather ideas and notes for making a presentation that would explain to your parents how proteins are made and why the topic is important to them.
  2. Obtain from your instructor the paper modeling assignments for transcription and translation and explain these processes to your instructor before moving on.
  3. Go to the website  and click on animations. Select and view each of the following in order.
    1. DNA and DNA Extraction
    2. After viewing the DNA Extraction animation, complete the DNA extraction lab from either your saliva or a piece of fruit. Write a three paragraph summary of what you observed.
  4. Obtain a DNA Model Kit from your instructor. Complete all three activities and answer the discussion questions in complete sentences.
  1. Complete the formal exam for the unit with at least an 80. (15 points)

Part A. Thinking/ Assessment

The critical thinking questions are worth 25 points to complete a unit total of 150 points. Select one of the following assignments and present them to your family and your instructor.

  1. Design a PowerPoint for your parents explaining the role of genes in determining the types of proteins made in the all living organisms.


  1. Design a poster showing the steps for reading DNA and making proteins in the human body. Give five examples of proteins and their function in your presentation. The poster should include pictures and diagrams and incorporate at least five colors.