Unit of Study: Probability and Statistics
by Natalie Valenzeula
Grades 3-5 Special Ed.
Virginia Standards of Learning
3.21 The student, given grid paper, will a) collect
and organize data on a given topic of his/her choice, using
observations, measurements, surveys, or experiments; and b) construct a
line plot, a picture graph, or a bar graph to represent the results.
Each graph will include an appropriate title and key.
3.22 The student will read and interpret data
represented in line plots, bar graphs, and picture graphs and write a
sentence analyzing the data.
3.23 The student will investigate and describe the
concept of probability as chance and list possible results of a given
C Level: Choose 3
1. VIDEO: Watch video and explain 3-4 ideas learned
from the video and answer 1-2 questions regarding it.
2. WORKSHEET: Complete graph worksheet.
3. GRAPH: Create a 3-D graph (using bears, pencils,
4. GAME: Play graph bingo with classmates and/or
5. QUIZ: Study a graph and answer the following 5
questions (oral or written).
c. How many
______ are there?
d. How many
______ are there?
<a> or <b> have more _____?
6. CENTER 1: List all possible outcomes of a given
situation (Student is told that they will have to put their hand in a
bag and choose one item (donuts, goodie bag, etc.). Record list by
writing or drawing. Discuss which item is the most likely to be chosen
(the item that is greatest in quantity).
7.* CENTER 2: Based on the season, list all possible
weather for the following day. Make a prediction and choose what
clothes should be worn (Provide clothes).
8. GAME: Match identical graphs.
9. GAME: Match possible outcomes with their
B Level: Choose 1
1. HUNT: Go on a hunt for fall leaves (within a
defined area). Collect and count different color leaves. Record
findings in a picture or bar graph.
2.* VOTE: Take a classroom vote (ex. Would you rather
have recess inside or outside?). Collect and count votes. Record
findings in a picture or bar graph. With teacher support, act according
3. CENTER: List all possible outcomes of a given
situation (ex. Student is told that they will have to put their hand in
a bag and choose one item (donuts, goodie bag, etc.). Then they are
shown the items). Record list of all possible choices by writing or
drawing. Discuss and identify which item is the most likely to be
chosen (the item that is greatest in quantity).
A Level: Choose 1
1.* POSTER: Create a bar or picture graph, in the
form of a poster, to track own (or class) progress (in the next unit,
on an educational computer game, accelerated reader, etc.).
2.* ORAL PRESENTATION: Pose a question. Then, gather
data around school and create a bar or picture graph depicting results
(ex. Do boys or girls use the bathroom more during lunch?). Present
findings to the class.
3.* ROLE PLAY/PUPPET SHOW: Problem solve with teacher
by listing possible outcomes for a current classroom or home situation.
Write or draw possible outcomes. Decide and circle which the best
choice is. With teacher support, act on that choice. Create a role play
or puppet show to demonstrate the situation, possible outcomes, and the
final, chosen outcome.
*Meets the Functional Academics criterion –Combines academic skills in
the areas of reading, writing, number sense, and critical thinking with
real-life tasks, enabling a student to function independently.