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Mark Sailer
Science Teacher
Pioneer Jr-Sr High

Physics     Name : ______________________________________

Atoms, Kinetic Theory, Solids and Fluids Unit

Chapters 17-20

Study Guidelines

1. Describe atoms and elements.
2. Compare the ages of atoms to the ages of the materials they compose.
3. Give examples that illustrate the small size of atoms.
4. State evidence for the existence of atoms.
5. Describe molecules.
6. Describe compounds.
7. Identify and describe the building blocks that make up an atom.
8. Explain the organization of the periodic table.
9. Describe the solid, liquid, gaseous, and plasma states of matter.
10. Describe the structures of crystals.
11. Define density and explain why it is the same for different amount of the same material
12. Distinguish between an elastic material and an inelastic material, and describe Hooke’s Law.
13. Explain why the center of a horizontal steel girder need not be as wide as the top and bottom.
14. Describe the relationship among linear growth, surface area growth, and volumetric growth.
15. Describe what determines the pressure of a liquid at any point.
16. Explain what causes a buoyant force on an immersed or submerged object.
17. Relate the buoyant force on an immersed or submerged object to the weight of the fluid it displaces.
18. Describe what determines whether an object will sink or float in a fluid.
19. Given the weight of a floating object, determine the weight of fluid it displaces.
20. Describe how Pascal’s principle can be applied to increase the force of a fluid on a surface.
21. Explain why the molecules in Earth’s atmosphere neither escape nor settle to the ground.
22. Describe the source of atmospheric pressure.
23. Explain why water cannot be raised higher than 10.3 m with a vacuum pump.
24. Describe the aneroid barometer.
25. Describe the relationship between pressure and density for a given amount of a gas at a constant temperature.
26. Explain what determines whether an object will float in air.
27. Describe the relationship between the speed of a fluid at any point and the pressure at that point, for steady flow.
28. Describe some applications of Bernoulli’s principle.

State Benchmarks

 P.1.2 Measure or determine the physical quantities including mass, charge, pressure, volume, temperature, and density of an object or unknown sample. P.1.3 Describe and apply the kinetic molecular theory to the states of matter. P.1.4 Employ correct units in describing common physical quantities. P.1.30 Explain that the nucleus, although it contains nearly all of the mass of the atom, occupies less than the proportion of the solar system occupied by the sun. Explain that the mass of a neutron or a proton is about 2,000 times greater than the mass of an electron.

Class Plan

Monday – 11/28 - Atoms Notes & Unit Work

Tuesday – 11/29 – Atoms and Solids Notes & Unit Work

Wednesday – 11/30 – Solids & Fluids Notes & Unit Work

Thursday – 12/1 – Fluids Notes & Unit Work

Friday – 12/2 – Fluids Notes & Unit Work

Monday – 12/5 - Hooke’s Law Lab & Unit Work

Tuesday – 12/6 - Hooke’s Law lab & Unit Work

Wednesday – 12/7 - Float your Boat & Unit Work

Thursday – 12/8 - Float Your Boat & Unit Work

Friday – 12/9 - Unit Work

Monday – 12/12 – Last Day for C Layer Work

Tuesday – 12/13 - Unit Test

Wednesday – 12/14 - Unit Work/Semester Review

Thursday – 12/15 - Unit Work/Semester Review

Friday  - 12/16 – Portfolio Due – Semester Review

C Layer Points Earned (115 points Maximum) _______

B Layer points Earned (15 points Maximum)  ______

A Layer Points Earned (20 Points Maximum)  _______

Total Points Earned ___________

Grades

90-125 D  106-120 C  121-135 B  136+ A

C – Layer (115 points Maximum)

1.  Class Notes (5 points each day)_____  _____  _____  _____  _____  _____   Total _____

2.  Reading Notes Chapter 17 (OR Questions pp. 256-257 #1-25) (5 points) 2.  _____

3.  Reading Notes Chapter 18 (OR Questions PP 271-272  #1-20) (5 points) 3.  _____

4.  Reading Notes Chapter 19 (OR Questions pp. 286-287 #1-20) (5 points) 4.  _____

5.  Reading Notes Chapter 20 (OR Questions pp. 303-304 #1-17) (5 points) 5.  _____

6.  Practice Page 17-1 (5 points)       6.  _____

7.  Chapter 17 Assessment pp. 256-258  #26-37 (10 points)    7.  _____

8.  Chapter 18 Assessment pp. 272  #21-33 (10 points)    8.  _____

9.  Chapter 19 Assessment pp. 287-289

#21, 23, 27, 28, 29, 30, 33, 34, 39, 44, 46, 47, 48  (10 points) 9.  _____

10.  Chapter 20 Assessment pp. 304-305  21-30, 33, 34, 36, 38  (10 points)  10.  _____

11.  **Lab 43 – Hooke’s Law Lab (10 points)     11.  _____

12.  Lab 44 – Surface Area to volume (10 points)     12.  _____

13.  Practice Page 19-1 (5 points)       13.  _____

14.  Practice Page 19-2 (5 points)       14.  _____

15.  Practice Page 20-1 (3 points)       15.  _____

16.  Practice Page 20-2 (5 points)       16.  _____

17.  **Lab – Float your Boat (10 points)      17.  _____

18.  Lab 45 – Eureka (5 points)       18.  _____

19.  Vocabulary Cards – Terms p. 256, 271, 286 & 303 (10 points)   19.  _____

20.  Create a poster/display to teach others about Fluids.  (20 points)  20.  _____

** Required Activity (without Required Activities Max C-layer is 95 points)

B-Layer (Choose One - 15 points Maximum)

1.  Build a hydrometer so that it floats in most liquids.  Calibrate the hydrometer and place a label with marking on the side.  Measure the densities of the following liquids:  skim milk, whole milk, vegetable oil, pancake syrup, molasses or other liquids as approved by your teacher.  Describe your procedure for making the hydrometer in a step by step sequence.  Be sure to describe changes made as you created a working hydrometer.  Summarize your results of the liquids in a cart or table.
2.  How does the viscosity of different materials compare?  How does temperature affect viscosity?  Design an investigation to measure viscosity and select one of the questions to investigate.  Write a report or give a presentation to share your results.

3.  Select your own question to investigate.  Get approval before starting.

A- Layer (Choose One - 20 points Maximum)

Use an A layer Research Form

1.  Research how a pump works in a common machine or appliance.  Evaluate the pump’s operation in terms of strengths and weaknesses.  Share your findings and create a presentation, model or diagram.

2.  Should mercury barometers, thermostats and thermometers be used?

3.  Research how boats and jet skis are designed so they are stable at high speeds.  Share your findings and create a presentation, model or diagram.

4.  Select your own question to research.  Get approval before starting.

REMINDER – SEMESTER TEST IS SCHEDULED FOR DECEMBER 20

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