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Rocks Unit

Mark Sailer

Pioneer Jr-Sr High School

Royal Center, IN

Name : ___________________________________
Study Guidelines                            Due Date – May 12, 2005
1.  Distinguish between a rock and a mineral.
2.  Describe the rock cycle and some changes that a rock could undergo.
3.  Recognize magma and lava as the materials that cool to form igneous rocks.
4.  Contrast the formation of intrusive and extrusive igneous rocks.
5.  Contrast granitic and basaltic igneous rocks.
6.  Describe the conditions in Earth that cause metamorphic rocks to form.
7.  Classify metamorphic rocks as foliated or nonfoliated.
8.  Explain how sedimentary rocks form from sediments.
9.  Classify sedimentary rocks as detrital, chemical, or organic in origin
10.  Summarize the rock cycle.
State Standards - 7.1.5, 7.3.8 and 7.3.9
ACTIVITIES – C Layer – 65 points Maximum
Day 1 – April 28, 2005
1.    Journey on the Rock Cycle Activity 10 points
2.    Section 1 Reading and questions (5 points)
3.    Section 1 Review Questions (5 points)
4.    Vocabulary Flash Cards (10 points) – basaltic, cementation, compaction, extrusive, foliated, granitic, igneous rock, intrusive, lava, metamorphic rock, nonfoliated, rock , rock cycle, sediment sedimenatry rock
Day 2 – April 29, 2005
1.Rock Cycle- Listen to lecture and take notes (5 Points)
2. Rock Cycle transparency Worksheet (5 points)
3. Crayon Rock Cycle Activity (10 points)
Day 3 – May 2, 2005
1.    Rock Observations (5 points)
2.    Create Rock Types Foldable (10 points when foldable is complete)
3.    Igneous Rocks – Listen to lecture and take notes (5 points)
4.    Section 2 Reading and questions (5 points)
5.    Section 2 Review Questions
Day 4 – May 3, 2005
1.    Lab – Igneous Rock Clues (10 points)
2.    Illustrate the rock cycle in a poster (20 points)
3.    Reinforcement Worksheet – Igneous Rocks (5)
Day 5 – May 4, 2005
1.    Metamorphic rock – listen to lecture and take notes (5 points)
2.    Section 3 Reading and questions (5 points)
3.    Section 3 review Questions (5 points)
4.    Reinforcement Worksheet – Metamorphic Rocks (5 points)
Day 6 – May 5, 2005
1.    Sedimentary rock – listen to lecture and take notes (5 points)
2.    Section 4 reading and questions (5 points)
3.    Section 4 review questions (5 points)
4.    Applying Math – Calculate thickness (5 points)
5.    Reinforcement Worksheet – Sedimentary rocks (5 points)
Day 7 – May 6, 2005
Mindjogger video Review Game (5 points)
B Layer Work
Day 8 – May 9, 2005
B Layer work or A layer work
Day 9 – May 10, 2005
A Layer Work
Day 10 – May 11, 2005
A Layer Work
Day 11 – May 12, 2005
Finish work (if needed)

Grades         40-55 D        56-70  C        71-85 B        86+ A

Keep track of your points by circling the activity and writing your points received.

B Layer  - Choose one – 15 points maximum
1.    Review the model of the rock cycle in the reading.  Write a story or poem that explains what can happen to a sedimentary rock as it changes throughout the rock cycle.
2.    Make a model of the rock cycle.
3.    Rock Cycle Skit – Write a skit portraying the rock cycle.  Recruit students to act out the skit.  Bonus points for costumes and props.
4.    Make a poster or classroom display of rocks showing major types, descriptions and examples
5.    How are rocks affected by different environmental conditions? (Investigate)

A Layer – Choose one – 20 points maximum
1.    Is mining for coal good or bad?
2.    Is the use of asbestos good or bad?
3.    Research a natural landmark or large natural land or water formation in your area.  What is the geology behind it?  When was it formed? How was it formed?  Write a folktale that explains its formation.  Share your folktale with the class.    in7.msscience.com


Section 1 Review Questions
1.    Explain how rocks differ from minerals.
2.    Compare and contrast igneous and metamorphic rock formation.
3.    Describe the major processes of the rock cycle.
4.    Explain one way that the rock cycle can illustrate the principle of conservation of matter.
5.    How would you define magma based on the rock cycle figure in the reading?  How would you define sediment and sedimentary rock?

Section 2 Review Questions
1.    Explain why some types of magma form igneous rocks that are dark colored and dense.
2.    Identify the property of magma that causes it to be forced upward toward Earth’s surface.
3.    The texture of obsidian is best described as glassy.  Why does obsidian contain few or no mineral grains?
4.    How are granite and rhyolite similar?   How are they different?
5.    Four elements make up most of the rocks in Earth’s crust.  The are: oxygen – 46.6 percent, aluminum – 8.1 percent, silicon - 27.7 percent, and iron – 5.0 percent.  Make a bar graph of these data.  What might you infer from the low amount of iron?

Section 3 Review Questions
1.    Explain what role fluids play in rock metamorphism.
2.    Describe how metamorphic rocks are classified.  What are the characteristics of rocks in each of these classifications?
3.    Give an example of a foliated and a nonfoliated metamorphic rock.  Name one of their possible parent rocks.
4.    Marble is a common material used to make sculptures, but not just because it’s a beautiful stone.  What properties of marble make it useful for this purpose?
5.    Put the following events in an events-chain concept map that explains how a metamorphic rock might form from an igneous rock.  Use each event just once.
Events:  sedimentary rock forms, weathering occurs, heat and pressure are applied, igneous rock forms, metamorphic rock forms, erosion occurs, sediments are formed, deposition occurs

Section 4 Review
1.    Identify where sediments come from.
2.    Explain how compaction is important in the formation of coal.
3.    Compare and contrast detrital and chemical sedimentary rock.
4.    List chemical sedimentary rocks that are essential to your health or that are used to make life more convenient.  How is each used?
5.    Explain how pieces of granite and slate could both be found in the same conglomerate.  How would the granite and slate pieces be held together?

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