had the opportunity to listen to Dr Rex Jung, from the University
of New Mexico Health Science Center at the annual American Psychological
Association meeting in Honolulu in early August.
Dr Jung presented information on the actual brain networks that
are involved in Genius. He, along with other researchers are
using fMRI and other scanning techniques to examine the biology
behind genius, creativity and intelligences.
as defined by Jung is the interface between Intelligence
is the ability to use deductive reasoning to solve adaptive
problems in our environment - in a fast, but accurate way. We
measure intelligenceas a rule based process - measuring so called,
"if / then" behavior. (IF this happens, THEN this is the logical
response or next event). This type of mental process requires
a balance of speed and accuracy and that balancing trade-off
is the job of the cortex.
we have looked to the frontal lobe as the dictator of intelligence,
but brain scans are now showing that the parietal lobes are
very important in this process as well. Perhaps even equally
so. It turns out that the more white matter a person has in
their parietal lobes, the faster their brain functions and the
higher their intelligence.
on the other hand, is one's ability to use abductive reasoning
to find solutions to problems in novel and useful ways. We use
our creative brain to solve problems when data is missing. In
other words, when you just don't know any logical answer to
a situaion, you use your creative brain to come up with a possible
solution. Compare this to ancient times when all sorts of natural
events were blamed on gods or mythical demons.
then is the interface between Intelligence and Creativity. While
creativity involves more of the parietal lobes, ntelligence
makes use of the prefrontal cortex. So they work together to
create genius. The divergent thinking may be the responsibility
of the parietal lobes, ut we ultimately depend on the frontal
lobes to pull all those divergent ideas back for refinement.
R. (2013, August 2). Brain Networks of Genius = Intelligence
+ Creativity. Presented at the American Psychological Association
Annual Conference, Honolulu, HI.
If you are interested in reading the full report from this research
team, you can find it here Brain
imaging studies of intelligence and creativity: what is the
picture for education?